Sunday, December 11, 2011

Factors Affecting the Costs Involved in DNA Paternity Testing

DNA Paternity Testing
Biological relationships are now often confirmed by DNA testing. The dna paternity check is the most common check, being used primarily to choose the paternity of a kid for reason or another. There's several factors which can influence the cost of such a check, the major of which are discussed below.

1. Quality of testing

In theory, the fewer genetic loci involved in a paternity check, the lower ought to be the cost. However, while the standard these days is to check for at least 16 genetic loci, a less pricey check involving fewer loci would of lower quality, so you get what you pay for. Not only that, but the cost will even be influenced by the quality of 'consumables' used in the check: validated industry standards, such as promega kits, will be more pricey than those produced by the laboratory itself.

2. Time taken for the check

In general, the greater the number of subjects involved in the check, then the higher will be the cost. Sometimes, in dna paternity testing, no charge will be made for the check on the sister if that is included, but normally the cost will increase proportionate to the number of people involved.

3. Where the check is carried out

You will likely pay more in case you request a quick turn-round time. Fundamentally, the faster you require the results the more the check is likely to cost. In fact, the additional cost of having the results within 24-48 hours could be the same as the dna testing.

4. The type of check & nature of the sample

The cost of dna testing will vary according to the country in which the check is carried out. This variation is largely connected with the market demand for such testing, & in country such as the usa, for example, there is a much larger demand than is most other countries. The cost is then determined by competition & cost savings associated with high volume testing, & can be consequently lower than elsewhere.

Not all dna testing is carried out the same way, & some types of check will cost over others will. The cost you pay will depend largely on the type of check necessary, other variables being equal. Hence, the analysis involved in sibling tests are more complex than dna paternity tests, & the cost will be correspondingly higher. The situation is the same for other forms of dna relationship testing, & an additional factor that has implications on the cost is the type of sample submitted. Oral or buccal swabs are simpler to check than a hair sample, for example, & so the hair sample will cost more due to the additional preparatory work necessary.

5. Standard & legal testing

the additional cost of a legal dna check over a standard check is not generated by any difference in accuracy between the, because there is none. It is because of the additional costs involved in the legal check, & the additional responsibility that legal check implies. The kit used to collect the samples is usually more comprehensive & more pricey, the samples must be couriered to make sure no tampering through a proper chain of custody, an outside third party is necessary for notarization & appointments for sample collection must be set up. There's others, but each of these has a cost implication.

There are therefore several factors that influence the cost of a dna check, and that cost will be reflected in the cost charged. Due to the potential complexity of the pricing structure, then, you are advised to get the cost confirmed first before you order the check.

Friday, November 18, 2011

If Darwin Had Known About DNA

From the depths of the universe

To the dna molecule

Too small to be seen with the naked eye, the dna serves as the database of our cells. Information on all living beings around them is hidden within this miniature database within every cell of every organism. All structural features of a rose, an orange, a sparrow, a tiger or a human being are present in the nuclei of cells that make these organisms. Look at the hand that is holding this book. These data stores in the nucleus of each of the cells that compose the hand.

These dna molecules are invisible to the naked eye but in terms of content and data storage capacity, equal to a library consisting of tens of thousands of books. As seen the miraculous aspects of dna, which can be seen only by increased thousands of times, you will also see how essential component of life places minutes of the theory of evolution in a dilemma none. Examine the details of this extraordinary structure given the opportunity to reflect on the infinite power, incomparable knowledge, scope and power of our lord, allah (god) and the universe was created.

Every day, new discoveries are being made about the universe we inhabit. Billions of galaxies are hundreds of thousands of light years away from each other. Millions of stars that fill the galaxies, whose dimensions defy our ability to conceive. Giant planets revolve constantly in a complex order at speeds of thousands of miles without hitting each other. Here, in one of the least of these planets, we examine the cells, the building blocks of life on earth, yes, no larger than a mere speck in the electron microscope, an invention of the 20th century.

Each of the conditions that make this planet fit for life is indispensable. Earth's environment exists and persists through the mercy of allah.

Albert einstein, one of the most eminent scientists of the 20th century, the man expressed difficulty in understanding the order in the universe in these terms:

the human mind is capable of understanding the universe. We are in the position of a little child entering a huge library filled with books in many languages. The child knows someone must have written those books. No one knows how. He does not understand the languages in which they are written. The child dimly suspects a mysterious order is available in books, but do not know what it is. 1

humans have been equipped with all the systems they need in this unique environment. The details to learn about the body, the more we realize how our lives are miraculous. A system as they discover hidden inside their bodies, many people - who otherwise live without reflection, caught in the course of their daily lives - will be reflected in the purpose behind their existence and become aware of their responsibilities to god , his creator. In fact, scientists have gained faith in the existence of god to see the greatness of his knowledge and perfection that you created.

the bank's most advanced application: dna

the truth revealed by science as it advances is that living things have impeccable and very complex structures that could never have arisen by chance. This is proof that our god almighty and omniscient god created living things. The theory of evolution, which rejects the idea of the creator and his hopes in coincidences, has been dealt one of its most severe blows by developments in the field of molecular biology, which shatters with clear and irrefutable evidence the fundamental principles of darwinism, which holds that life originated on the basis of supposedly simple structures.

As scientists discovered that the complex structures within the cell, which some have dubbed a "molecular machine", which was also clear that they never could have arisen as a result of chance.

A structure like the dna data bank of the cell, discovered in the 1950s with the invention of the electron microscope. Dna is a giant molecule in each cell. In the long molecular chain encodes all the information that determines the physical and chemical structure of the cell and whole organism to which the cell. However, the presence of a database within the cell does not mean anything by itself. The information in the dna must be read as needed, and processes carried out in the light of that information. It is impossible for inanimate substances writing and deciphering codes, progressive take precautionary measures, and to establish a system to ensure that the information they have no harm.

Molecules composed of chemical elements in the soil and air can not be expected to do these things spontaneously. However, darwinists are so blindly devoted to his theory of evolution, as discussed in the chapters that follow, insist on claims that are totally non-scientific, in violation of reason and logic, just for the sake of convincing themselves and others that everything is a coincidence.

Despite being an evolutionist, francis crick, a nobel prize-winning biochemist and one of the scientists who discovered the dna admits the facts in his book life itself:

an honest man, armed with all the knowledge available today, could only state that in a sense, the origin of life appears at the moment to be almost a miracle.2

richard dawkins, known for his evolutionary views, describes the complexity hidden within the cell:

physical books can be tricky, but. . . Objects and phenomena that a physics book describes are simpler than a single cell in the body of its author. And the author consists of billions of these cells, many different, complex organized architecture and precision - engineered in a working machine capable of writing a book. . . . Each core. . . Contains a digitally coded database larger, in information content, of the thirty volumes of the encyclopedia britannica as a whole. And this figure is for each cell [individual], not all cells of the body since together.3

if you had found a cd on the desktop for 25 years, and although he had never seen one before, never even try to attempt to account for their existence in terms of opportunity. Despite being a very thin, flat, round piece of plastic, the regularity of its shape would still make clear that he had produced an intelligent, skilled human. Even if you never met the person who designed and produced this cd, never still claim that the metals and plastics have assumed so perfect as the result of successive accidents.

What if you learned, through a detailed examination of the structure of the cd, which cracks and bumps on its surface, no information coded in the form of the numbers 0 and 1? At first glance, seemed just a flat plastic disc, but expands the size of a football stadium, the notch would be approximately the same size as the grains of sand.4

all the cd cracks and bumps represent the encoded data containing text, sounds and images. The fact that tens of value of the books "of the data has been compressed into this flat disk, it is clear that intelligent minds, knowledgeable, have had a hand in its manufacture. No one could keep something different. On the contrary, the presence here of a very advanced technology, the processes of recording, coding and data compression are evidence that this cd was produced consciously, and with a specific purpose.

However, some people who see that the demands of chance is impossible to account for a flat disc of plastic, not very honest to use logic in the face of the perfect creation of dna. They argue that the dna molecules, too small to see with the naked eye, but it contains enough compressed and encrypted data to fill thousands of encyclopedias, born as the result of chance. However, the human brain that produces the cd and enter the information it contains is also composed of cells that work through the information contained in dna.

The lack of logic here is obvious. In the same way that the information contained on the cd implies that there has been written by someone, the dna data bank with a much broader superior technology, shows the existence of a superior intelligence of a creator. That the intellect is the infinite mind of god almighty. Dna is a miracle of god, the sublime nature of the creation of which we have been able to understand through the 20 th century technology.